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Primary Sources:

Rosenthal, Bernard ed., Records of the Salem Witch-Hunt, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Note- I used all the 1692-93 court records to construct the network graphs as well as later documents referring to past events which included about 850 of the 980 records in the book.

Secondary Sources:

Baker, Emerson W., A Storm of Witchcraft: The Salem Trials and the American Experience, (Oxford University Press, 2015).

Boyer, Paul, and Stephen Nissenbaum, Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974).

Boyer, Paul and Stephen Nissenbaum eds., Salem-Village Witchcraft: A Documentary Record of Local Conflict in Colonial New England, (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1972).

Boyer, Paul and Stephen Nissenbaum, "Salem Possessed' in Retrospect," The William and Mary Quartery, 65.3 (July 2008), 503-534.

Demos, John, "What Goes Around Comes Around," The William and Mary Quarterly, 65.3 (July 2008), 479-482.

Doty, Kathleen L., "Telling Tales: The role of scribes in constructing the discourse of the Salem witchcraft trials," Journal of Historical Pragmatics, 8.1 (2007), 25-41.

Fuess, Claude Moore, "Witches at Andover," Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 70 (Oct. 1950-May 1953), 8-20.

Hansen, Chadwick, Witchcraft at Salem, (New York: George Braziller, 1969).

Hill, Francis ed., The Salem Witch Trials Reader, (Da Capo Press, 2000).

Hoffer, Peter Charles, The Salem Witch Trials: A Legal History, (Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas: 1997).

Kamensky, Jane, "Salem Obsessed; Or, 'Plus Ca Change,': An Introduction," The William and Mary Quarterly, 65.3 (July 2008), 391-400.

Karlsen, Carol F., The Devil in the Shape of a Woman, (New York: Vintage Books, 1989).

Karlsen, Carol F., "Salem Revisited," The William and Mary Quarterly, 65.3 (July 2008), 489-494.

Latner, Richard, "The Long and Short of Salem Witchcraft: Chronology and Collective Violence in 1692," Journal of Social History, 42.1 (Fall 2008), 137-156.

Latner, Richard, "Salem Witchcraft, Factionalism, and Social Change Reconsiderd: Were Salem's Witch-Hunters Modernization's Failures?," The William and Mary Quarterly, 65.3 (July 2008), 423-448.

Mixon, Franklins G. Jr. and Ernest W. King, "Religiosity and the political economy of the Salem witch trials," The Social Science Journal, 47 (2010), 678-688.

Mixon, Franklin G. Jr. and Len J. Trevino, "The allocation of death in the Salem witch trials: a public choice perspective," International Journal of Social Economics, 30.9 (2003), 934-941.

Norton, Mary Beth, In the Devil's Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692, (New York: Vintage Books, 2002).

Peikola, Matti and Risto Hultunen, "Trial discourse and manuscript context: Scribal profiles in the Salem witchcraft records," Journal of Historical Pragmatics, 8.1 (2007), 43-68.

Phillips, James Duncan, Salem in the Seventeenth Century, (Cambridge: The Riverside Press, 1933).

Ray, Benjamin C., "Satan's War against the Covenant in Salem Village, 1692," The New England Quarterly, 80.1 (March 2007), 69-95.

Ray, Benjamin C., "The Geography of Witchcraft Accusations in 1692 Salem Village," The William and Mary Quarterly, 65.3 (July 2008), 449-478.

Reis, Elizabeth, "Confess or Deny? What's a 'Witch' to Do?", OAH Magazine of History, 17.4 (July 2003), 11-13.

Roach, Marilynne K., The Salem Witch Trials: A Day-by-Day Chronicle of a Community Under Siege, (Taylor Trade, 2004).

Rosenthal, Bernard, Salem Story: Reading the Witch Trials of 1692, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Rosenthal, Bernard, "Tituba," OAH Magazine of History, 17.4 (July 2003), 48-50.

Robinson, Enders A., Andover Witchcraft Genealogy Vol. 1, (Goose Pond Press, 2013).

Robinson, Enders A., The Devil Discovered: Salem Witchcraft 1692, (New York: Hippocrene Books, 1991).

Starkey, Marion L., The Devil in Massachusetts: A Modern Enquiry into the Salem Witch Trials, (Anchor Books, 1949).

Upham, Charles W., Salem Witchcraft, (Dover Publications Inc., 2000).

Wasserman, Stanley and Katherine Faust, Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Weisman, Richard, Witchcraft, Magic, and Religion in 17th-Century Massachusetts, (Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1984).

A special thanks to the following people for advice and support throughout this project:

Diane Cline, C. Thomas Long, David Silverman, Richard Stott, William E. Burns, Denver Brunsman, Katrin Schultheiss, Andrea Marshall, and the GW History Department for providing a grant. 

A huge thank you and acknowledgement to Emerson W. Baker for advice and donation.

Thanks also to Jay Pawlyk, Randy Reinbold, Peter Mathison, Dana Smith, and the rest of the St. John's Prep faculty where this research interest started, and a special thanks to Charlie Newhall who taught the class that started it all in 2011.

Also thanks to a large number of friends and family, especially Vincent Landers, Andrew Ramos, Lauren Lopaty, Ben Hess, Mikayla Kurland, Bridget Hughes, Vincenzo Cardi, Kevin Hamilton, and the rest of SJP Fencing and GW Fencing.

Finally thanks to the other guides at the Witch House and Elizabeth Peterson.

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